It is important to know

Why are prevention and regular examinations important?

Prevention is always better than cure! To visit the dentist on time means less discomfort and less money spent. Prevention means regular examination of the mouth and teeth, at least 2-3 times a year. Examinations are painless and free, and they will help you to keep the health of your mouth and teeth.

The examination will determine if the teeth and mouth are taken care of or neglected, if there is any calculus, caries, old fillings that need to be replaced, remnant teeth roots, irregularities in teeth position, etc.
The mouth manifests some common diseases such as diabetes, some types of leukaemia, avitaminosis, as well as infectious diseases such as AIDS.
Examination is the initial and most important phase in the process of maintaining oral and dental health.


Are dental interventions painful?

Today, under local anaesthesia, no dental intervention is painful and unpleasant.


How to overcome the fear of dental interventions?

Most people do not like going to the dentist because this visit is always associated with pain and discomfort, which is wrong. It is the most difficult for the patients who have experienced some unpleasant experience in a dental office in the past that they cannot forget. This bad experience dissuades them from visiting the dentist to the point of completely neglecting the health of their teeth.

In order to help overcome the fear of dental procedures, the role of the doctor is essential because a complete attention should be given to the patient. The doctor must have patience, knowledge and creativity to help the patient relax, and that is exactly where the Dental Center GRZELA bases its future, hopefully successful and long-standing cooperation.
On the other hand, a patient should show their confidence in the doctor and with time all fear will disappear.


What is tooth caries?

Caries is the destruction of the tooth crown, which begins on the surface of the tooth where the remains of food stay longer (fissures, contact points). The process of destruction of tooth crowns progresses towards the pulp of the tooth, where the nerve and blood vessel of the tooth is, which can lead to severe pain. Dental caries is caused by bacteria in the oral cavity.
According to what kind of dental substance caries affects, there are:

• enamel caries
• dentine caries
• cement caries

According to the way of spreading, there are:

• surface or undermining caries
• deep or penetrating caries


What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease is the illness of the supporting apparatus of a tooth (periodontal), which in its final stage leads to the moving and the loss of the tooth.
There are many factors involved in the development of periodontal disease: bacteria, plaque and calculus, bad fillings and prosthetic supplements, irregular position of the teeth, some general diseases.

The disease begins with frequent infections of the gums and bleeding while brushing teeth. Then follows the withdrawal of the gums and stripping of teeth necks so the teeth look longer. Pockets are formed between the teeth in which the food gets, the situation gets worse, and eventually leads to tooth moving and falling out. In order to prevent all this, it is necessary to maintain good oral hygiene and to treat the disease when it is still in the initial stage. Treatment consists of special cleaning and sometimes surgical intervention on the gums.

Gum disease can last for years, painlessly and without noticing if you do not have specialist checks. Patients usually notice the disease only when it is in the advanced phase.
Early detection and a proper diagnosis of the disease require the measurement of the depth of periodontal pockets with a periodontal probe. The damage caused by the disease is irreversible. Although this examination is simple, painless and takes only a few minutes of time, many people have never gone through it.
Some signs of gum disease are: bleeding, redness, swelling of the gums around the teeth, bad breath, receding gums, teeth movement.


What is gingivitis?

Gingivitis is the most common periodontal disease. It is an infection of the gums caused by bacteria that produce dental plaque. When there is not so much plaque (newly formed), it is invisible and relatively harmless. But, if it continues to accumulate, it grows and with that the number of bacteria in it. These bacteria release toxins that cause inflammation of the gums. Sometimes plaque hardens and forms solid deposits in the form of calculus. If gingivitis is left untreated, it progresses to periodontitis, where there is a loss of the bone that supports the teeth.


Dental plaque

Dental plaque is a problem that is most easily noticed. Plaque is a soft, sticky layer of bacteria that is constantly formed on a tooth surface. It is usually not noticeable with bare eye, but if you do not wash your teeth regularly and properly, plaque may keep longer in a thicker layer when it is noticeable as a whitish layer on the teeth along the edge of the gums. If it is not removed, it can lead to gingivitis.


Growth of primary teeth

During the eruption of primary teeth in infants, an increased amount of saliva can be noticed, babies put fingers in the mouth, they are restless, and they have a fever or diarrhea. When the first teeth start to sprout, it is necessary to clean their gums and teeth with wet cloth or toothbrush.


Caries in babies and young children

Caries is more common in children who have a habit of going to bed with a bottle of milk or juice containing sugar. During the night, the secretion of saliva is reduced, and the fluid that the child drank remains on the teeth and is a perfect place for the development of bacteria and caries. In order to prevent the formation of dental caries, it is better to remove the habit of bottles before the growth of the first tooth, or instead of milk, to give water to the child.


Do preschool children need to visit the dentist?

Preschool children have milk teeth, and between the age of 6 and 7 the first permanent molar grows. Milk teeth decay the same as the permanent ones, so it is necessary to bring the child to regular checkups. During the period when permanent molars are growing, it is recommended to perform sealing of fissures in order to save teeth from caries.

A child should be brought to the dentist when it has no specific problems with teeth in order to adjust to the environment and to the doctor, and also to learn the basic principles of oral hygiene. It is wrong to bring a child to the dentist for the first time only when the child has a toothache. These are the situations where a doctor has to make an intervention on a small frightened patient tormented by pain. The child is not ready to cooperate at that time and experiences such situations as a trauma. All this can be avoided by timely visits, examinations and preventive measures.


Endodontics - treatment of diseased root canal

The treatment of diseased root canal aims to prevent the further spread of the infection and the destruction of a tooth. The treatment involves the removal of inflamed and infected pulp, cleaning, disinfecting and shaping the root canal, which is then filled and the filling is placed. Sometimes it takes more visits to the dentist to conduct this therapy completely.
Treatment of root canal has the purpose of:

  • preventing a toothache
  • preventing the spread of infection of the jaw

A root canal extends through a tooth and connects it with a bone. In the canal there are blood vessels, nerves and cells that make up living tissue in the tooth. This tissue is called the pulp of the tooth. When the tooth is broken or carious, bacteria can easily penetrate into the pulp.
The acid produced by the bacteria irritates the pulp and leads to its inflammation. When the pulp is inflamed, blood circulates more difficult, increasing the pressure in the pulp and the pain starts.
The symptoms of pulp disease are various, but the most common are: increased sensitivity to hot and cold liquids, sensitivity to sweets, pain when biting, pain that spreads from the tooth to the neck, ear, or temple.


Teeth whitening

Your smile is very important. It is one of the first things we notice when we meet someone. We all notice beautiful, white teeth. The use of coffee, tea, red wine, smoking, and aging lead to discoloration of teeth. Tooth whitening is a safe, effective and fast, and your smile will shine.